Flora & Fauna

Did you know Bhutan is one of the 10 biodiversity hot spots in the world?

As one of the recent nations to come out of isolation and invite westernization, Bhutan has been blessed one of the richest flora and fauna in the world. The presence of these incredible habitats and vegetation has also been benefitted by the geographical location of the country. With increased forest cover of 72 %, Bhutan is home to thousands of unique species that have been discovered and yet more is there to be discovered.

Visually stunning and environmentally wondrous, here are some of the pictures:

The various presences of unique flora and fauna have been further enriched by the huge differences between altitudinal and climatical series. Given below are three simple classifications of the zones of Bhutan.

  • Alpine Zone (4000m and above) with no forest cover;
  • Temperate Zone (2000 to 4000m) with conifer or broadleaf forests;
  • Subtropical Zone (150m to 2000m) with Tropical or Subtropical vegetation.

From warm Southern regions to cold North and humid Eastern regions to moderate Southern parts…Bhutan has a very unique distribution of climate and vegetation.

Did you know Bhutan is ranked amongst the top ten percent of highest species density (species richness per unit area) in the world?

As the habitat of avifauna of over 616 species, Bhutan is the land of hundreds of migrating birds, animals, insects and lots of species.

If you are someone who loves nature or wants to study wildlife …Bhutan is the perfect destination for you.

According to one of the newest records, there are more than 54 species of rhododendron, 770 species of mushrooms, 660 species of birds and 21 new species of amphibians, insects, flowering and non-flowering plants discovered.

Also serving as a home to endangered species like takins, clouded leopards and red pandas, Bhutan’s diverseness will exceed your expectations.

From boreal owl to the tiny black-throated parrotbill to black necked crane, Bhutan won’t fail to amaze you.

Unlike most countries Bhutan’s nature has not been forced to change with the swings of modernization and is in its pristine form.

Not only this, in order to ensure that wildlife is protected, 26% of Bhutan’s land is protected as National Parks. Here are the names of some of the popular National Parks.

  • Jigme Dorji National Park (Gasa, Paro, Punakha, Thimphu, and WangduePhodrang Districts)
  • Jigme SingyeWangchuck National Park (Sarpang, Tsirang, Trongsa, WangduePhodrang, and Zhemgang Districts)
  • Royal Manas National Park (Pemagatshel, Sarpang, and Zhemgang Districts
  • Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (Lhuntse, Mongar, and Trashiyangtse Districts; along with the former Kulong Chu Wildlife Sanctuary)
  • Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary (Trashigang and SamdrupJongkhar Districts)
  • Jigme Khesar Strict Nature Reserve (Haa District)
  • Motithang Takin Preserve (Thimphu District)
  • Phobjikha Valley (Royal Society for Protection of Nature)